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SALIS (Code: )


Baptista de (Trovamala).Summa casuum conscientiae quae Baptistiniana nuncupaor (second version, known as Rosella casuum). Add. Sixtus IV: Bulla “Etsi dominici gregis” 30 December 1479. Rubricae iuris civili et canonici. Venice: Paganinus de Paganinis, 21 December 1499.

8vo, 490 leaves, 2 columns, 49 lines and foliation. Gothic types: 92G, 52G. Lombard and capital spaces. Binding: contemporary parchment wallet binding with chased metal clasp. Provenience: Henricg Harderwirt (signature in red ink on title page); “Ex Bibl. Paulina Monast” (stamp on title page). Binding with sign of use but a good copy preserved in its first binding.Seventh and last fifteenth-century edition of this famous manual for confessors completed by Battista Trovamala in the convent of Levanto in 1483. The Summa casuum conscientiae or Summa Baptistiniana, was printed for the first time in Novi Ligure by Nicolaus Girardengus in 1484. In 1489 Battista Trovamala supplied an expanded and revised version, the Rosella Casuum (also known as the Summa Rosella), printed first in Pavia by Franciscus Girandengus and Johannes Antonius Birretta in 1489 and then in Venice: Georgius Arrivabene, 1489, 1495, and 1499. There were numerous successive editions, and the work was most popular (there are as many as 250 surviving copies in public collections of the fifteenth-century editions). A great number of manuals on penance for the use of confessors, Summae confessorum, appeared from the beginning of XIII century up to the first half of XVI century. These manuals are held to have replaced the old type of books of penance or “Penitentials.” With the development of Pastoralia as set by the Fourth Lateran council, a great number of manuals of confession appeared, directed towards the intellectual preparation of priests for a prudent and informed exercise of the office of confessor. They are characterized by a discussion of the principles of moral theology and detailed examples of canon law in relation to human patterns of behavior and often include “casus,” which in the words of John of Freiburg are “useful questions which bear on the counseling of souls.” (see Boyle, “Summae confessorum,” in Les genres littéraires dans les sources théologiques et philosophiques médiévales, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1982, pp. 227-237). The Summa Baptistiniana and its revised version the Summa Rosella adopted the “modern” alphabetical order as initiated by Bartholomeus de San Concordio, author of a similar Summa casuum conscientiae. Battista Trovamala’s work owes much to such authors of other manuals of confessors such as Nicholas of Ausimo, and most commentators underscore that the Summa of Battista Trovamala presents a considerably expanded legal content. Our copy has a parchment wallet binding, a common binding art in Europe from the IX to the XVI century. At the beginning  these bindings were called libri sine asseribus, books without woods, but in the XIV century the expression Copertum prevailed to mention the binding which covers the book entirely also the front edge. The material, leather or as in this case parchment, was never reinforced with paper, cardboard or wastepaper, it was always a flexible binding. What differ are the closing ribbons or the general closing techniques. This copy has the quires on four bands of leather. Over the joints are eight holes cut in into the parchment. The leather bands were pulled in and out through these openings. The ends of the bands are loose and not glued onto the inner covers; to secure they had been moistened, pressed together and pulled through the openings; dried and in their original width they are firm in their position and keep the binding and book block together. A chased metal clasp serves as closing mechanism. To reduce the impact of abrasion and use, two parchment leaves are bound before the first quire and a parchment stripe at the end of the last quire. This very light but enduring binding technique was primarily used for small books, it was certainly not a common library binding. This might be the reason for the rarity of wallet bindings today: they were bindings for books for daily use, just like this Summa was for the simple cleric, they were put in the coat pocket and carried around.

IGI 1207; BMC V 460; GW 3326. 7.

Price: 7 500.00 EUR