ZUALLARDO, Giovanni [ZUALLART, Jean].. Devotissimo Viaggio Di Gerusalemme. Fatto, & descritto in sei libri dal Sigr. Giovanni Zuallardo, Cavaliero del Santiss Sepolcro di N.S. l’anno 1586. Aggiontovi i disegni di varii di varii luoghi di Terra Santa & altri paesi intagliati da Natale Bonifacio Dalmata.

Rome, F. Zanetti & Gia Ruffinelli., 1587

Quarto (224 x 153 mm.), [10] leaves, 402 pages, [10] leaves with engraved title, portrait of Zuallart and 51maps, two full-page, plans and views in text. Some browning and foxing, a few spots but a good copy in contemporary limp vellum with manuscript title on spine.The first edition of this beautifully illustrated account of a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1586. The five-month journey was undertaken by Giovanni Zuallardo (Jean Zuallart or Zuillart, 1541-1634), maire of Ath in Hainaut, his company having been requested by his pupil, Philippe de Mérode, Baron Frentzen, during a stay in Rome in 1585. Zuallart taught himself how to draw in preparation for his trip; his sketches provided the model for several of Natale Bonifacio's 51 engraved and etched maps and landscapes in this edition. They include a bird's-eye view of Venice, Mediterranean islands (the Tremiti, Zante, Candia and Cyprus), cities in the Holy Land (Jaffa, Jerusalem, Ramleh), and Scriptural locations (including the house of the Good Thief and Caiaphas, Christ's prison and the sepulchre of the Virgin). Such images ‘played a new role in this popular literature, paving the way…to the 17th-century genre of the journal of voyages' (Zilli, ‘Voyage', 188).Devotissimo viaggio was published only a couple of decades after the Council of Trent, which had sought to reignite the waning tradition of pilgrimages to the Holy Land, later encouraged also by major Counter Reformation authors like Robert Bellarmine. Zuallard prefaced his account with a long discussion of the difficulties and hardships of such a pilgrimage, from transport to clothes and food; this is followed by a lively account of his travel and of the Scriptural locations he saw, with a section on the orations to be uttered at each place. Book VI also features a letter from the theologian Domenico Danesi di Montepulciano on the antiquity and purpose of pilgrimages to the Holy Land.For its structure and attractive illustrations, Zuallard's work became a ‘fundamental reference book for subsequent such travel accounts' (Longo, Memorie, 17).EDIT16 CNCE 38763; Mortimer, Harvard 16thC It., 559; Röhricht, Bibliotheca Geographica Palaestinae, 212-13. Not in Sander.WorldCat locates 14 copies in the US (Minnesota, Newberry, Wisconsin, Bridwell, HRC, UTMD, JTS, Trinity College, Yale, Getty, UCLA, Oregon, UPenn, Harvard); COPAC locates 10 copies in the UK (including BL and Oxford).P.G. Longo, Memorie di Gerusalemme e Sacri Monti in epoca barocca (2010); L. Zilli, ‘Un voyage en Terre Sainte', Perspectives 2 (1995), 170-88.

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